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Fine Jewelry Cleaning Chart





Basic cleaning for most fine jewelry in many cases consists of nothing more than cleaning the piece with a mild, sudsy solution of warm water mixed with a very mild detergent, brushing with a soft brush, rinsing completely in warm water, air drying and gently polishing with a soft chamois.

For expensive and rare pieces or those items with high sentimental value a professional jeweler should be consulted
before any action is taken, and if there is any doubt about cleaning an item - DON'T.

The chart below can be used for additional information regarding cleaning and care of fine gemstones **.

Gemstone 'family' is in italics.

Gemstone
Gemstone Comments
Cleaning Comments
Agate
Agate
Quartz - Opaque variety found in all colors with a wide variety of markings. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Alexandrite
Alexandrite
Chrysoberyl- Unusual gemstone that appears green in daylight and raspberry red in artificial light.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Amber
Amber
Organic - Amber is a hardened, fossilized form of resin from ancient pine trees. It may contain small bits of insects or plant material that became trapped. Typically golden color but may be found in green, violet, red and black. Damp cloth or mild solution of warm water and mild detergent to clean, and then wipe dry

Amethyst
Quartz - Shades of purple, lilac or mauve, can be heat treated to produce Citrine.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Ametrine
Ametrine
Quartz - Bi-color gemstone that is part Amethyst and part Citrine Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Apatite
Apatite
Comes in various shades of blue and green. It is soft and may scratch easily - should not be worn while 'working'. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.

Aquamarine
Beryl - Typically today's preferred color is blue but it also may be a sea green. It is often heat treated to bring out the color but if over-heated will become colorless. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Bloodstone
Bloodstone
Opaque, dark green variety of quartz with red jasper speckled through it. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Citrine
Citrine
Quartz - Natural Citrine is rare, most Citrine on the market is heat-treated Amethyst. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Coral
Coral
Organic - Occurs in a variety of colors. Care should be taken when wearing Coral jewelry as it is soft. It is also susceptible to contact with acid, ie. vinegar and should not be worn while 'working'.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Chrome Diopside
Chrome Diopside
Colors range from green (bottle green) to black. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Chrysoberyl
Chrysoberyl
Chrysoberyl - Colors range in from yellow, yellowish green to green. Excellent for jewelry. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Diamond
Diamond
Hardest mineral on earth, graded by 4 C's: Cut, Clarity, Color, CaratTo remove grease and/or oil from the surface use an ammonia based cleaner, warm water and soft brush.
Emerald
Emerald
Beryl - Commonly oiled to fill, hide and disguise flaws and enhance color. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Caution: Due to inclusions Emeralds should never be cleaned using Ultra Sonic or steam cleaners.
Fire Opal
Fire Opal
Gets its name from it rich orange and reddish orange color.Sensitive stone comprised of 5-10% water that may dry out and crack. Should not be exposed to extremes of pressure and temperature. Warm water, soft brush, air dry.
Caution: Opals need special care. The wearer should avoid exposure to or contact with anything that would dry or crack the opal. Soaking the opal periodically in water for several hours may help preserve it. Oil should never be used on an opal.
Jade
Jade
Comes in 2 forms: Jadeite (Jade) and Nephrite. Both are tough suitable for carving. Comes in a variety of colors: green, lilac, white, brown, pink, blue, red, black, orange and yellow. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Jaspser
Jasper
Quartz - Opaque with over 50 types of Jasper of various colors and patterns.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Kunzite
Kunzite
Spodumene - Light shades of lilac, pink and violet. Can fade in bright light and is brittle. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Caution: Should not be cleaned in ultra sonic cleaner or steam cleaner.
Garnet
Garnet
Comes in different silicate compositions that result in different colors: red, orange, cinnamon, pink and green and more. May need re-polishing to maintain shine.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Iolite
Iolite
Transparent blue gem (deep blue to light gray-blue, some in yellowish grey). Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Lapis Lazuli
Lapis Lazuli
Opaque blue stone that sometimes has small gold or silver-colored flecks of pyrite.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry immediately. Should not be cleaned in an ultra sonic cleaner or steam cleaned.
Morganite
Morganite
Beryl - Pink variety.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Moonstone
Moonstone
Feldspar - Transparent gemstone showing an opalescent white or blue light. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Onyx - Black
Onyx
Semitranslucent to opaque quartz coming in a variety of colors - red, orange, apricot and shades of brown - often alternating with bands of white. Often used for cameo carving. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Opal
Opal
Sensitive stone comprised of 5-10% water that may dry out and crack. Should not be exposed to extremes of pressure and temperature. Warm water, soft brush, air dry.
Caution: Opals need special care. The wearer should avoid exposure to or contact with anything that would dry or crack the opal. Soaking the opal periodically in water for several hours may help preserve it. Oil should never be used on an opal.
Pearl
Pearl
Organic - Comprised of layers of nacre in shellfish (oysters and mussels). Come in white, white with pink tinge, brown,black and golden. Sensitive to acids, dryness, and humidity. Due to the sensitivity of pearls they should only be wiped with a soft, damp cloth. Any stains should be removed with a soft cloth dipped in a mild soapy solution (no harsh chemicals). Pearls should be allowed to dry, the drill holes should be blown out to avoid staining, and Pearls should never be dipped in any solution.
Peridot
Peridot
Due to its soft nature, Peridot may be harmed by acids or harsh chemicals as well as heat. Scratches easily so should not be worn with other jewelry and jewelry should be removed before doing any'work'. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Ruby
Ruby
Corundum - Second hardest gem next to diamond. Red color may vary from pinkish to purplish. Commonly heat treated to enhance color. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Sapphire
Sapphire
Corundum - Any non-red Corundum (Ruby) is called Sapphire. Comes in a variety of colors.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry. Commonly heat treated to enhance color.
Spinel
Spinel
One of the few gems never treated or enhanced. Comes in red orange, light-dark orangy red, light-dark grayish blue,greenish blue, grayish green, dark-light purple to violet, yellow and opaque black. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Tanzinite
Tanzanite
Zoisite - Typically heat treated to bring out the color. It is brittle and may chip as such should not be worn while 'working'. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Topaz
Topaz
Comes in a variety of colors, may be heat treated to enhance color. Sensitive to heat and rough-wear.Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Caution: Should not be cleaned in a ultra-sonic or steam cleaner.
Tourmaline
Tourmaline
One of the most versatile of gems it is available in every color, in every tone. Very durable, wearable gemstone. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.
Turquoise
Turquoise
Porous stone susceptible to aging (change in color) with age. Color light blue to blue-green in color. Scratches easily. Clean in warm water using a soft brush, wipe dry immediately. Should not come in contact with soap, grease, oil or other materials that could cause it to discolor.
Zircon
Zircon
Transparent gemstone comes in many colors. Moderately hard gemstone that is brittle and may chip easily. Solution of warm water and mild detergent (Ivory), soft brush, air dry.







Homoe Survival Handbook





** Reader should forego any cleaning procedures if there is any doubt or concern as to the effect or outcome the cleaning process may have on a piece of jewelry. User understands and accepts all policies associated with use of this information and procedure. View policies.


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